Contents
Introduction
Chapter 1:
Internet Art
Chapter 2:
Institutions
Chapter 3:
Digital Weakness
Conclusion
Table of Figures
Footnotes
Bibliography
Glossary
James Hayes' art website
Footnotes

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Introduction

1. Vause, W.A., The Art of Welding, Argus Books Ltd., England, 1985, p.7

2. The Computer Museum History Center - Timeline of Computer History http://www.computerhistory.org/timeline/topics/computers.page, January 2002

3. Industrial Light and Magic (ILM) is an American film company specializing in research and development of optical and special effects. The company was established 1975 by George Lucas to create effects for his film "Star Wars", and continues to lead the way in cinematic special effects.

4. Gleick, James, Chaos: Making a New Science (Viking Penguin Inc, USA, 1987)

5. The Fractal Microscope, A distributed computing approach to mathematics in Education, http://archive.ncsa.uiuc.edu/Edu/Fractal/Fractal_Home.html, January 2002

6. Johnson, George, "From Two Small Nodes, a Mighty Web Has Grown", The New York Times on the web, October 12th 1999
The Internet Society, "A Brief History of the Internet", http://www.isoc.org/internet-history/, October 2001
Zakon, Robert, "Hobbes' Internet Timeline", http://www.isoc.org/zakon/Internet/History/HIT.html, © 1993 – 98, October 2001

7. See Glossary of Terms

8. URL stands for "Uniform Resource Locator" which refers to the website address. See also Glossary of Terms for more details

9. "As Porn Goes, So Goes The Web", Wired News website, http://www.wired.com/news/culture/0,1284,9580,00.html, November 2001

10. Lewandowski & Gould, Brainrinse website, http://www.brainrinse.co.uk/, October 2001

11. The Long Now Foundation, http://www.longnow.org/, October 2001

Chapter 1 - Internet Art

12. Vesna, Victoria, Bodies© INCorporated, http://www.bodiesinc.ucla.edu/, October 2001

13. Nideffer, Robert, Bodies© INCorporated - An Organizational History, http://vv.arts.ucla.edu/projects/installations/history2.html, October 2001

14. Vesna, Victoria, Bodies© INCorporated – Showplace, http://www.bodiesinc.ucla.edu/frames1.html, October 2001

15. Vesna, Victoria, Bodies© INCorporated – Home, http://www.bodiesinc.ucla.edu/frames1.html, October 2001

16. Benjamin, Ben, Superbad, http://www.superbad.com, October 2001

17. "Art on the Go – An interview with Ben Benjamin of Superbad.com", Eryk Salvaggio, from the Rhizome.org website, http://rhizome.org/object.rhiz?1853, November 2001

18. Napier, Mark, Potatoland, http://www.potatoland.org/, October 2001

19. Statement from Napier’s still functioning 1997 website, http://users.rcn.com/napier.interport/main.html, October 2001

20. Napier, Mark, Shredder, http://www.potatoland.org/shredder/, October 2001

21. Steinke, Darcey, blindspot, http://adaweb.walkerart.org/project/blindspot/, October 2001

22. Vector art is created using mathematical formulas to define shapes, curves, etc. It differs from pixel art, which is created by defining the colour of each pixel across and down an image.

23. See Glossary of Terms

24. See Glossary of Terms

25. Lewandowski & Gould, Brainrinse website, http://www.brainrinse.co.uk/, October 2001

26. Benjamin, Ben, Superbad, http://www.superbad.com, October 2001

Chapter 2 - Institutions

27. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, http://www.metmuseum.org/, November 2001

28. The Museum of Modern Art, New York, http://www.moma.org/, November 2001

29. Mutant Materials in Contemporary Design, May 25-August 22, 1995 http://www.moma.org/exhibitions/mutantmaterials/homepage.html, November 2001

30. Art Safari, http://www.moma.org/onlineprojects/artsafari/safari_menu.html, November 2001

31. Ibid.

32. The Irish Museum of Modern Art, http://www.modernart.ie/index.htm, January 2002

33. Arthouse Multimedia Centre for the Arts http://www.arthouse.ie, November 2001

34. The Artifact Artists' Database http://www.artifact.ie, November 2001

35. Arthouse Multimedia Centre for the Arts, http://www.arthouse.ie/, November 2001

36. Search Engine Watch, http://www.searchenginewatch.com, December 2001

37. VITA – professional practice for artists information guide, http://www.arthouse.ie/VITA/, November 2001

38. VITA – Introduction, http://www.arthouse.ie/VITA/, November 2001

39. dART™, fine-art.com, http://www.fine-art.com/, November 2001

40. dART™, fine-art.com, http://www.fine-art.com/, November 2001

41. James Baird Gallery, http://www.jamesbaird.com/, November 2001

42. As of November 13th 2001

43. CIRCA Art Magazine, http://www.recirca.com/, November 2001

44. The Sculpture Center, Cleveland Ohio, http://www.sculpturecenter.org/, November 2001

45. Dyers and silk painters discussion forum, http://pluto.beseen.com/boardroom/j/52242, November 2001

46. The Mystery Writers’ Forum, http://www.zott.com/mysforum/, November 2001

47. See Glossary of Terms

Chapter 3 - Digital Weakness

48. Gibson, William, idoru, London, Penguin Books Ltd, 1996, p. 165-166

49. RAND (Research and Development), http://www.rand.org/, October 2001

50. Rothenberg, Jeff, "Ensuring the Longevity of Digital Information", http://www.clir.org/pubs/archives/ensuring.pdf, November 2001

51. Scientific American Vol 272, Number 1, pp. 42-7

52. Rothenburg, op.cit., pg. 3

53. The Long Now Foundation, http://www.longnow.org/, October 2001

54. The Digital Library Federation, http://www.diglib.org/, November 2001

55. Jingu Shrine in Ise, http://jin.jcic.or.jp/atlas/architecture/arc09.html, November 2001

56. The Digital Library Federation, http://www.diglib.org/, November 2001

57. The Internet Archive, http://www.archive.org/index.html, November 2001

58. The Internet Archive – FAQs About the Archive – How large is the Archive?, http://www.archive.org/exec/faqsidos/about/faqs.html?index=12, November 2001

59. "Data storage units", Techno Computing Central Articles, http://www.mverdee.f2s.com/html/datastorage.htm, December 2001

60. September 11th web archive, http://september11.archive.org/, November 2001

61. Goodies to Go (tm), March 26, 2001--Newsletter #124, http://www.htmlgoodies.com/letters/124.html, November 2001

62. The Melissa virus did not steal or delete files, it simply replicated and redistributed itself via e-mail, tying up network servers and sometimes overwhelming and crashing systems simply by shear volume. From SANS Flash Report - Melissa virus, March 28, 1999, "What was the Melissa virus and what can we learn from it?",
http://www.sans.org/newlook/resources/IDFAQ/What_Melissa_teaches_us.htm, December 2001

Conclusion

63. Steinke, Darcey, blindspot, http://adaweb.walkerart.org/project/blindspot/, October 2001

64. Huxley, Aldous, Brave New World, 1932

65. Pearce, David, "Brave New World? A Defence Of Paradise-Engineering", http://www.huxley.net/, December 2001

by James Hayes
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